A Congressional Government Accountability Report (GAO-12-241) issued in February 2012 has concluded that although the Departments of Defense (DOD) and Energy (DOE) use various investment review processes to identify duplicative investments, that in 37 cases, out of a sample 810 investments, GAO found potentially duplicative investments.

These investments account for about $1.2 billion in total information technology (IT) spending for fiscal years 2007 through 2012, GAO found.

For example, GAO identified four DOD Navy personnel assignment investments-one system for officers, one for enlisted personnel, one for reservists, and a general assignment system-each of which is responsible for managing similar functions.

While GAO did not identify any potentially duplicative investments at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) within its sample, DHS officials have independently identified several duplicative investments and systems.

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